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雅思写作常见语法错误汇总|雅思大作文写作常用句型列举|雅思作文7分

雅思写作常见语法错误汇总|雅思大作文写作常用句型列举|雅思作文7分

今天雅思小编为大家列举雅思写作常见四大语法错误。下面是平时同学们在练习的过程中常犯的一些错误,指出来供大家学习改进。

  雅思写作常见语法错误之1.非谓语动词使用不当

  原:Comparing with the money people earns, the sense of achievement is more important。

  改:Compared with the money people earns, the sense of achievement is more important。

  评:此处是动词compare的现在分词和过去分词使用混淆了。在英语中,动词的现在分词往往表示的是主动的意思,过去分词则表示被动的含义。原句想表达的是“将成就感与钱相比”,“把…与…相比”是明显的被动含义,因此应该使用compared。

  雅思写作常见语法错误之2. 时态混乱

  原:Although I have no work experience when I was a teenager, I always dreamed about having a job。

  改:Although I had no work experience when I was a teenager, I always dreamed about having a job。

  评:虽然雅思[微博]写作以议论文为主,为了表示客观性,基本上使用的都是现在时态,但是在举例的时候还是会涉及到一些过去时态,例如上面的句子,切记:主从句时态要保持一致。

雅思写作常见语法错误之3. 表述累赘

  原:Internet plays an important and indispensible role in people’s life today。

  改:Internet plays an indispensible role in people’s life today。

  评:这个句子一看就知道是作者为了使用高级词汇而犯下的错误。明明已经有Important来表示重要性了,又强行加上了indispensible来表示不可缺少,这种说法只有在中国政府工作报告中才会出现的,老美是不喜欢的!

  雅思写作常见语法错误之4. 用词不当:用词不当包括词性混淆,同义词错用以及固定搭配错误等。

  词性混淆:

  原句:A large number of people hold the believe that students’ social activities should be the first priority。

  改:A large number of people hold the belief that students’ social activities should be the first priority。

  评:这个例子中believe是动词,belief才是名词形式。虽然发音相近,但是用法却完全不同。

  同义词错用:

  原句:It’s indeed that people are worrying about the increasing population。

  改:It’s true that people are worrying about the increasing population。

  评:虽然二者都表示“真的”,indeed却没有it’s indeed that…的结构,此处只能用true来表示。

  固定搭配错误:

  原句:As a friend and mentor, she drew from humor, a beautiful spirit and her faith in the Aboriginal culture to accomplish her work。

  改:As a friend and mentor, she drew on humor, a beautiful spirit and her faith in the Aboriginal culture to accomplish her work。

  评:draw from: 从……中汲取(经验等), draw on:借鉴(经验等)作者本想使用一个高级的表达法,结果用错了,很可惜。

雅思写作常见语法错误汇总|雅思大作文写作常用句型列举|雅思作文7分

 雅思大作文中很多句型是可以在不同文章中使用的,由于其基本句型结构一样,同学们换一个主语就可以用在其他题目中。下面雅思小编以国际旅行的题目为例,为大家介绍可以重复使用的雅思写作句型。

  Sample Question: Nowadays, international tourism is the biggest industry in the world. Unfortunately, international tourism creates tension rather than understanding between people from different cultures. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

  题目:有观点认为国际旅行作为世界上最大产业,它所带来的矛盾比人们了解不同文化更大,你是否同意这种观点?

  头脑风暴可述理由 Brainstorming:

  For--

  1. It is necessary to develop the tourist trade, for it contributes a lot to increasing understanding between nations.有必要发展旅游产业促进不同国家了解。

  2.As the saying goes, “ Seeing is believing.” Only a trip to an unfamiliar land can help us understand the people and culture there.只有一次旅行不能够使人了解文化和人民

  3.Since tourism helps increase understanding between people, it will finally wipe out prejudice against other nations, and make the world a more peaceful one.旅游增加不同人了解,利于消除偏见促进和平4.Tourism contributes significantly to marry countries’ GNP( Gross National Product). The economy of some nations is based on the tourist industry.旅游显著促进GNP,很多国家依附于旅游业

  5.Tourism helps develop a nation’s commerce because tourists are most likely to buy souvenirs wherever they go.旅游促进国家经济因为旅行者走到哪买到哪

  6.Tourism helps accelerate a city’s construction and its embellishment.

  7.Contact with tourists from afar widens the horizon of the local people.

  8.Tourism provides jobs for many people and helps solve or ease the social problem of unemployment.

  9.The tourist trade gives people a chance to enjoy the beautiful scenery of the world and the wonders of mankind.

  10. Tourism will help people learn about different cultures of the world....

 雅思写作常见语法错误汇总|雅思大作文写作常用句型列举|雅思作文7分

现在的年轻人总是会发出“理想很丰满,现实很骨感”这样的感叹,来表达对现实生活的无奈。而在雅思写作考试中,考生们又何尝不会经历这种无奈呢?写作7分是许多考生梦寐以求的分数,但即使是一些外籍教师所撰写的范文,在考官笔下也不过是7-8分!对于国内大多数雅思考生而言,7分似乎是可望而不可及的。那么,究竟怎样的文章,才能得到考官的青睐,最终幸运的得到7分的分数呢?

  一.Task response

  1. 具体要求

  Task response表示任务的完成。在官方给出的评分标准中,7分有这样的要求:

  1. Address all parts of the task,

  2. Present a clear position throughout the response,

  3. Present, extend and support main ideas, but there may be a tendency to over-generalize and/or supporting ideas may lack focus。

  ① 回答了题目要求的所有问题。②整篇文章观点鲜明。③详细的解释和论证了观点。

  2. 范例评析

  ▲ 剑桥雅思全真试题7 Test2 Task2

  Some people believe that there should be fixed punishments for each type of crime. Others, however, argue that the circumstances of an individual crime, and the motivation for committing it, should be taken into account when deciding the punishment。

  Discuss both views and give your own opinion。

  1. 考生需要对题目中的两个相反的观点进行分析,不能只分析自己倾向的观点。即:固定不变的定罪制度有何作用;依据犯罪动机和环境灵活的定罪制度有何作用。

  2. 考生需要非常清楚的表明自己的观点,即回答应当如何对罪犯的犯罪行为定罪。

  3. 考生对于题目中两个相反观点的分析需要摆出充足的论据,提出自己的理由并通过例子来证明。

  7.5分考生范文选段:对固定不变的定罪制度的分析

On the one hand, fixed punishment will have a deterring effect on society. ‖Individuals knowing that they will be subject to a certain punishment if they are convicted with a given crime will reconsider committing this act in the first place. ‖This deterring effect also leads to social stability and security, through minimizing the number of crimes committed. ‖If people knew they would be able to convince the court or the jury of reason for having committed the crime they are accused of, penal decisions would be largely arbitrary. This would result into criminals getting away with their crimes and into a high level of injustice caused by the subjective approach of different courts。

  1. 观点:固定的惩罚制度对社会有威慑力。(fixed punishment will have a deterring effect on society。)

  2. 理由:考虑犯罪成本(reconsider committing crimes in the first place)

  3. 扩展结果:有利于社会稳定(lead to social stability and security through minimizing the number of crimes committed。)

  4. 理由:如果没有固定的定罪制度,会使犯罪分子更猖狂。(If people knew they would be able to convince the court or the jury of reason for having committed the crime they are accused of , penal decisions would be largely arbitrary。)

  5. 扩展结果:犯罪分子逍遥法外,不利于司法公正。(criminals getting away with their crimes and a high level of injustice caused by the subjective approach of different courts。)

  3. 对策

  ① 复习真题,找生词

  在考题中,经常出现核心词汇的重复,比如:distance learning, criminal等。建议考生们可以在复习写作时,先把近两年的写作题目过一遍,查查生词。这样做可以大大降低考生在作文题中遭遇生词的尴尬,提高审题的准确性。

  ②掌握不同题型大作文的写作重点

  观点类:可以支持、反对、中立,一定要表达自己的观点。论据要充分,举例不可或缺。

  分析解决类:所问即所答,重点分析原因,解决方法多角度。

  ③八大话题,重点突破

  在考题中,“教育,科技,环保,全球化,政府,媒体,工作,社会生活”为常考的八大话题。复习重点有以下几方面:1. 每个话题的核心词汇要烂熟于心。2. 每个话题要积累至少两个可以作举例论证的实例。3. 每个话题至少选择两道题目做brainstorming思路拓展练习。4. 每个话题要至少积累两篇范文。5. 每个考生对自己不熟悉的话题,要加强以上练习。

  二. Coherence and cohesion

  1. 具体要求

  Coherence and cohesion表示连贯统一。在官方给出的评分标准中,7分有这样的要求:

  1. Logically organizes information and ideas; there is a clear progression throughout

  2. Uses a range of cohesive devices appropriately although there may be some under/over-use

  3. Presents a clear central topic within each paragraph

  ①文章结构富有逻辑性。②正确使用多种衔接方法。③每段话的中心思想明确。

  2. 范例评析

  ▲ 剑桥雅思全真试题7 Test2 Task2

  Some people believe that there should be fixed punishments for each type of crime. Others, however, argue that the circumstances of an individual crime, and the motivation for committing it, should be taken into account when deciding the punishment。

  Discuss both views and give your own opinion。

  7.5分考生范文选段:考生回答应当如何对罪犯的犯罪行为定罪。

  In my opinion an intermediary position between both solutions is the perfect way to establish and ensure justice and equity. There have to be fixed punishment for all crimes. However, criminal laws have to provide for a minimum and maximum for the punishment and the laws also have to foresee certain cases of exemptions. An example for setting minimum and maximum penalties is Competition Law where a person being held liable of a crime under this law will be convicted to pay a fine, according to the harm caused by the violation and the profit gained by the violator through committing the crime. As for the exemptions, in some countries the law exempts thieves stealing food during a period of famine taking into consideration the distress and hunger. Also, a person killing in self-defense will be exempted from punishment。

  1. 中心思想:对于犯罪分子的定罪应该有折中的方法,这才是保证公平公正的方法。(an intermediary position between both solutions is the perfect way to establish and ensure justice and equity。)

  2. 段落结构一分为二:

  ①固定下来定罪的底线和上线,举例“竞争法”。

  ②定罪要有免罪的特殊处理。举例“饥荒时偷食物的行为”和“正当防卫”。

  3. 衔接的处理:文中加粗的部分(包含连接词,代词等)。

  3. 对策

  ①代词

  代词包括人称代词,物主代词和一些特定的词语。代词的使用能够提高表达的统一性。

  ②同义词,反义词等意义相互关联的词

  恰当使用一些相关或相同概念的词,能够达到整篇文章自然扩展的效果。

  ③连接词

  连接词是实现段落内部表达连贯的最主要的手段。它能够增进句与句,或者段与段之间的逻辑关系。

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