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雅思写作核心准则|雅思写作大作文主体段写作技巧|雅思写作8.5分写作技巧

雅思写作核心准则|雅思写作大作文主体段写作技巧|雅思写作8.5分写作技巧

雅思写作一直都是中国考生的弱项,The Elements of Style一书中,作者提到了关于英文写作的10个核心准则

一起来学习一下。

  Elementary principles of composition

  1. Make the paragraph the unit of composition: one paragraph to each topic

  不同的段落构成文章,每个段落仅传递一个观点

  2. As a rule, begin each paragraph with a topic sentence; end it in conformity with the beginning

  规则:每个段落均以主题句开头,并且首尾呼应。

  A. the topic sentence comes at or near the beginning;

  主题句前置

  B. the succeeding sentences explain or establish or develop the statement made in the topic sentence;

  段落围绕主题句展开,后面的句子对主题句进行展开解释

  C. the final sentence either emphasizes the thought of the topic sentence or states some important consequence.

  末尾句或者对主题句进行强调,或者阐述主题句带来的结果。

  3. Use the active voice

  主动句永远比被动句直接有力

  Eg: There were a great number of dead leaves lying on the ground

  = Dead leaves covered the ground. (清晰生动)

  Eg: The reason that he left college was that his health became impaired.

  = Failing health compelled him to leave college. (简洁有力)

  Eg: It was not long before he was very sorry that he had said what he had.

  = He soon repented his words. (简洁有力)

  4. Put statements in positive form

  以肯定的形式表达否定的意思, 避免使用平淡、毫无色彩,犹豫不决和含糊其辞的语言。

  Eg:He was not very often on time.

  = He usually came late.

  Eg: He did not think that studying Latin was much use.

  = He thought the study of Latin useless.

  Eg: The taming of the Shrew is rather weak in spots. Shakespeare does not portray Katharine as a very admirable character, nor does Bianca remain long in memory as an important character in Shakespeare’s works.

  = The women in The Taming of the Shrew are unattractive. Katharine is disagreeable, Bianca insignificant.

  5. Omit needless words

  删除冗词

  Vigorous writing is concise. A sentence should contain no unnecessary words, a paragraph no unnecessary sentences, for the same reason that a drawing should have no unnecessary lines and a machine no unnecessary parts. This requires not that the writer make all his sentences short, or that he avoid all detail and treat his subjects only in outline, but that every word tell.

雅思写作核心准则|雅思写作大作文主体段写作技巧|雅思写作8.5分写作技巧

雅思写作中,小作文靠数字分析,背对比句表达句。大作文的扩充思路是什么?感觉没有内容写的时候从哪里入手? 雅思小编为童鞋们准备三个写雅思大作文主体段的方法,供童鞋们参考

  雅思写作主体段技巧之一:举实例

  思维短路,举实例!提出一个观点,举实例!提出一个方案,举实例!而且者也是我们揭示一个观点最好的方式,任何情况下,只要我们无法继续文章,不管三七二十一,尽管举例子!

  Insgroupsto attract more customers, advertisers have adopted every possible stimulative factor in making ads, such as sound, light, colours, cartoon films and human performance. For instance, to advertise a certain food, advertisers will ask an actor or actress to sit at a table and devour the seemingly delicious food while they fime him or her.

  更多句型:

  To take … as an example, One example is…, Another example is…, for example

  雅思写作主体段技巧之二:做比较

  方法:写完一个要点,比较与之相似的;又写完一个要点,再比较与之相反的;

  世界上没有同样的指纹,没有相同的树叶,文章亦同,只有通过比较,你才会发现二者的相同点(through comparison)和不同点(through contrast)。下面是一些短语:

  相似的比较:

  in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner

  相反的比较:

  on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead, nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with …, …

  雅思写作主体段技巧之三:换言之

没话说了,可以换一句话再说,让你的文章在多一些字,或者文邹邹地说,是让读者更充分的理解你的观点。

  实际就是重复重复再重复!下面的句子实际上就三个字 I love you!

  I am enthusiastic about you. That is to say, I love you.

  I am wild about you. In other words, I have fallen in love with you.

  或者上面我们举过的例子:

  I cannot bear it.

  可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.

  因此可以这样说:I cannot bear it. That is to say, I cannot put up with it or I am fed up with it.

  更多短语:

  in more difficult language, in simpler words, put it more simply.

雅思写作核心准则|雅思写作大作文主体段写作技巧|雅思写作8.5分写作技巧

很多同学感觉写雅思作文的时候词穷,很多人说找不到生活中的美。接下来写作老司机来带大家一起找一下生活中的词汇,找一下生活中的美。

  我们今天来看很多人每天都在用的苹果手机中原汁原味的美式英语。

  大家应该都知道苹果的浏览器。但是safari一词到底是什么意思?

  大家如果去搜一下图片,出来是上面这样的。

  大家如果去查一下Cambridge Dictionary

  解释是这样的:

  an organized journey to look at, or sometimes hunt, wild animals, especially in Africa.

  看来当年乔布斯的团队选名字还是非常有意思的,找一个表示“观赏或者捕猎野生动物的旅行(尤其是在非洲)”来做搜索器的名字。

  说了那么多,这个生活中的美词,怎么用到雅思写作中呢?

  我们来看一道2016年的写作真题:

  当大家都在说see all kinds of views或者broaden one’s horizons的时候,我们可以说go on safari in Africa,是不是感觉很不一样?

  接下来我们看一下现在所有人都非常关注的健康问题

  先来看一个题目:

  In some countries the average weight of people is increasing and their levels of health and fitness are decreasing.

  What do you think are the causes of these problems and what measures could be taken to solve them?(剑桥雅思8第四套真题 )

  这个题目并不难,但是怎么来组织语言呢?

  我们来看Health这个App里面具体的advice:

  1现代人类最大的问题就是坐得太多,动得太少,所以sit less, move more and get some exercise这条建议还是非常好的,用词虽然不难,但是有一种简约美。

  除了exercise之外,还可以用什么词来表示“运动”呢?我们来看下App上的一个词汇

  注意这里用了workouts,也就是workout这里做名词,在Cambridge Dictionary中的解释是:a period of physical exercise。比如“固定每天健身房的锻炼”可以说:a daily workout in the gym.

  那么,如果我们把workout拆开呢?

  就变成了一个非常高大上的phrasal verb(动词段落)-work out,比如“人们需要在健身房每周锻炼2-3次”我们可以说:people should work out in the gym two or three times a week.

  除了这些之外,大家在界面上还会看到一个标记,叫cal。

  其实就是大家都并不陌生的“卡路里”-calories。

  写作中,我们可以说people can lose some weight by exercising, 我们还可以说:people can burn off calories by working out in the gym。

2要保持健康,除了运动,饮食才是根源问题,我们来看看Health App中的第二条advice :

  Junk food相信大家并不陌生,但是这里出现的real food又是什么呢? 或许一张图片可以帮助大家更好地理解:

  和添加了各种佐料,深度加工的垃圾食品(junk food)相比,我们可以把real food理解为“绿色有机食物“。

  So,those who want to keep fit and healthy are advised to eat more real food.

  3当然了,也有人说,我运动很多,吃得也很健康,但是为什么感觉还是各种不舒服呢?那么很有可能不是你的“身”(physical)出了问题,而是“心”(mental)出了问题。我们来看下第3条advice:

  我们这里看到了三条可以供大家参考的tips:

  静心:quiet一词用得非常妙,一般它都是做形容词,这里用了动词形式

  放松身体

  活在当下:forget the past and don’t worry too much about the future

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