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雅思大作文写作步骤整理|雅思写作行文建议

雅思大作文写作步骤整理|雅思写作行文建议

雅思写作部分分两篇文章,大小作文各一篇。在一小时紧张的考试时间中,要完成两篇至少180字的写作,十分挑战。由于时间比较短,不少考生因未能合理安排时间,结果没有有效完成任务要求或是未能充分展现自己的英语写作水平。

  写作部分两篇文章的字数要求是不一样的。大作文必须完成250字以上写作任务,而小作文150字以上。根据这一指令,从机械地写字速度来看,考生较为合理的时间分配为大作文40分钟,小作文20分钟。另外,大作文占写作总值的60%,小作文为40%,从这分值的权重来看,时间上2:1的分配也是相当合理的。
  所以,要想成功完成大作文任务一定要把时间控制在40分钟左右,前后不超出5分钟。
  那么如何充分利用这40分钟, 完成一篇基本令人满意的文章呢?
  ◆步骤一:审题(<3 分钟)
  审题是有效完成任务的第一步,也是最关键的一步。从评分标准看,审题的正确与否与"Task Response"有着直接的联系。而在当前模板泛滥,文章千篇一律的大环境下,有效审题是突破六分的一条准绳。不少考生在审题时,要么蜻蜓点水、草草一读,要么只关注题目中词的同义转换。如此读题,都有可能对之后的文章撰写方向造成偏差。而有效的读题方法应为:
  →通读题目,了解大意。
  →细读题目,分析句子间的逻辑关系。
  →再读题目,辨别关键词,区分主题词和限定词,推测考官的出题意图。
  由于大部分考生只作到了读题的第一步,所以出现离题或部分离题的可能性很大。现以2008年11月15日的考题为例:
  There are more workers to work from home and more students to study from home. This is because the computer technology is more and more easily accessible and cheaper. Do you think it is a positive or negative development-(题目为考生回忆,与原题可能有少许出入)
→通读题目,了解大意。
  当前有越来越多的工人在家里工作,有越来越多的学生在家里学习。这是因为电脑技术越来越容易获得,也越来越便宜了。你认为这是个正面的还是负面的发展趋势?
  备注:题中的accessible有不少考生不理解,对审题的准确性会造成一定影响。
  →细读题目,分析句子间的逻辑关系。
  要把握题目中的句子间逻辑关系,关键是能读懂代词"this"; "it"的具体指代。
  "this"是指第一句话。
  "it"可理解为前两句所呈现的这一现象。为了使文章写作方向更为明确,这里可把it 概括为:the wider usage of computer technology in working or studying from home
  →再读题目,辨别关键词,区分主题词和限定词,推测考官的出题意图。
  主题词:Computer technology in working or studying from home
  限定词:positive or negative
  不容忽视的词:easily accessible and cheaper
  题目信息解构:
  (topic) positive(benefits)
  Computer technology in working or studying from home
  (causes) Negative (drawbacks)
  Easily accessible and cheaper
  对题目做出如上分析,确保撰写的文章能包含以上的信息,审题这关绝对能过。
  以上用时不超过3分钟。
  ◆步骤二:列大纲(<2分钟)基本在头脑中完成
  根据以上的题目解构信息,寻找关键词的下义词和衍生词,根据已有素材确定写作框架。
  如:
  Computer technology:on-line, PC, laptop, broadband
  Working from home: Fashion designer; freelancer; translator; journalist; writer; music composer, artistsStudying from home: on-line course, the disable who are difficult to move; course in the foreign country
  Cheaper: on-line IELTS course --several hundred RMB
  Class IELTS course -- several thousand RMB
  Easily accessible : in city-- at least one PC every house
  Broadband: almost every house; school
  Net bar: almost every neighbourhood
  Outline:
  ☆Introduction:
  Computer technology in home-study and home- work (topic)
  Positive development (opinion)
  ☆Body:
  ★Benefits of studying from home:
  Cheaper--- IELTS course (on-line /class)
  Freer--- white collar for further education in free time
  ★Benefits of working from home:
  Artists(music composer/fashion designer)---- more productive
  Freelancer( translator/journalists)---- more working opportunity
  ★Drawbacks:
  Lack self-control /independence( line-addicts)
  ☆Conclusion: inevitable trend( with self-discipline)
  备注:在实战考试中无需把大纲写得如此详细,但胸有成竹一定会使之后文章的写作如鱼得水。
  ◆步骤三:文章撰写(30分钟)
  一般文章为4-5段,平均每段用时5-10分钟
  备注:大作文写作一定要写结论段,以体现文章的完整性。
  ◆步骤四:检查(1-2分钟)
  此时,不宜做大的修改,把笔误的部分改掉即可。
雅思大作文写作步骤整理|雅思写作行文建议

雅思写作中同学们喜欢长难句,好像写出了一个三四行的句子自己的英文就登峰造极了!但其实不然。本文中将为大家提出一些让雅思作文“简洁漂亮”的建议,供大家参考。

  雅思写作漂亮建议一:避免空洞的单词和词组

  1.一些空洞的单词或词组根本不能为句子带来任何相关的或重要的信息,完全可以被删掉。

  比如:When all things are considered, young adults of today live more satisfying lives than those of their parents, in my opinion。

  这句话当中的“when all things are considered”和“in my opinion“都显得多余。完全可以去掉。改为:

  Young adults of today live more satisfying lives than their parents。

  2.有些空洞和繁琐的表达方式可以进行替换

  例如:Due to the fact that our grandparents were under an obligation to help their parents, they did not have the options that young people have at this point in time。

  “due to the fact that”就是一个很典型的繁琐的表达方式的例子,可以替换,简化为下面的表达方式:

  Because our grandparents were obligated to help their parents, they did not have the options that young people have now。

  雅思写作漂亮建议二:避免重复

  1.尽量避免重复使用同样的词汇。或者有的时候虽然词汇没有重复,但意思却有重复。这时候可以做一些简化的工作。

  例如下面这个例子:The farm my grandfather grew up on was large in size。

  large对一个farm来说就是size方面的large,所以in size可以去掉,改为:

  The farm my grandfather grew up on was large。

  更简洁的表达方式为:

  My grandfather grew up on a large farm。

  2.有时一个词组可以用一个更简单的单词来替换

例如:My grandfather has said over and over again that he had to work on his parents' farm。

  这里的over and over again就可以改为repeatedly,显得更为简洁:

  My grandfather has said repeatedly that he had to work on his parents' farm。

  雅思写作漂亮建议三:选择最恰当的语法结构

  选择合适的语法结构可以使句子意思的表达更为精确和简练。虽然语法的多样性也很重要,但选择最恰当的语法结构仍然是更为重要的考虑因素。以下原则是在考虑选择何种语法结构时可以参考的原则:

  1.一个句子的主语和谓语动词应该能够反映句子中的最重要的意思。

  例如:The situation that resulted in my grandfather's not being able to study engineering was that his father needed help on the farm。

  从意思上来分析,上面这句话需要表达的重要的概念是“grandfather's not being able to study”,而在表达这个概念时,原句用的主语是situation,谓语动词是was,不能强调需要表达的重点概念,可以改为下面这句话:

  My grandfather couldn't study engineering because his father needed help on the farm。

  2.避免频繁使用“there be”结构

  例如下面的句子:There were 25 cows on the farm that my grandfather had to milk every day. It was hard work for my grandfather。

  可以改为:

  My grandfather worked hard. He had to milk 25 cows on the farm every day。

  更简洁的句式为:

  My grandfather worked hard milking 25 cows daily。

  3.把从句改为短语或单词。

  例如:Dairy cows were raised on the farm, which was located100 kilometers from the nearest university and was in an area that was remote。

  简介的表达方式为:

  The dairy farm was located in a remote area, 100 kilometers to the nearest university。

  4.仅在需要强调宾语而不是主语的时候,才使用被动语态。

  例如:In the fall, not only did the cows have to be milked, but also the hay was mowed and stacked by my grandfather's family。

  本句不够简洁的原因是本句的重心应该是“忙碌的家庭-my grandfather's family”,而使用了被动语态後,彷佛重心变成了cows和hay。下面的表达方式是主动语态,相对来说更简洁一些:

  In the fall, my grandfather's family not only milked the cow but also mowed and stacked the hay。

  5.用更为精确的一个动词来代替动词短语,

  例如:My grandfather didn't have time to stand around doing nothing with his school friends。

  Stand around doing nothing其实可以用一个动词来表达,即loiter:

  My grandfather didn't have time to loiter with his school friends。

  6.有时两句话的信息经过组合完全可以用一句话来简练地表达

  例如:Profits from the farm were not large. Sometimes they were too small to meet the expenses of running a farm. They were not sufficient to pay for a university degree。

  两句话的信息可以合并为下面这句更为简洁的句子:

  Profits from the farm were sometimes too small to meet operational expenses, let alone pay for a university degree。

雅思大作文写作步骤整理|雅思写作行文建议

 

 

 

     

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